SEJARAH MATEMATIKA: ALTERNATIF STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA

Kamirsyah Wahyu, Sofyan Mahfudy

Abstract


Bahasa

Sejarah merupakan sumber pengetahuan. Sejarah memberikan informasi berharga terkait perkembangan di masa lampau yang mendukung kemajuan di masa sekarang. Dalam hal ini, sejarah matematika juga memberikan pengetahuan bagaimana konsep matematika berkembang.  Sejarah matematika menjelaskan, sebagai contoh, bagaimana al-Khwarizmi mengembangkan metode kuadrat sempurna dalam menyelesaikan persamaan kuadrat.  Melalui sejarah matematika, kerja keras para matematikawan dalam menemukan dan mengembangkan suatu konsep atau penyelesaian suatu permasalahan bisa menjadi kisah inspiratif. Pengetahuan yang diperoleh melalui sejarah matematika sangat bermanfaat untuk digunakan dalam pembelajaran. Tulisan ini mencoba menjawab kenapa dan bagaimana penerapan sejarah matematika dalam pembelajaran melalui kajian pustaka (library research). Referensi terkait berupa ebook, artikel jurnal online dan proceedings konferensi dianalisis dengan memfokuskan pada dua hal, yaitu: manfaat sejarah matematika dalam membangun sikap positif siswa terhadap matematika; dan cara menerapkan sejarah matematika dalam pembelajaran matematika di Indonesia.

English


History is a source of insight. History gives valuable information regarding the development in the past which contributes to the advance nowadays.  In this case, the history of mathematics (HoM) also provides knowledge on how mathematics concept developed. The history of mathematics explains, for example, how al-Khwarizmi developed one of the methods in solving quadratic equation. In the history of mathematics, how mathematicians worked hard in inventing and developing a concept or a solution upon a mathematics problem can be inspired story. Insight from the history of mathematics can be very useful for learning mathematics. This paper tries to answer why and how the use of history of mathematics in mathematics learning through library research. References consist of e-books, online journal articles and conference proceedings are thoroughly analyzed focusing on two cases, i.e. how the history of mathematics builds positive attitude of students toward mathematics; and how it can be implemented in Indonesia mathematics classroom.

 


Keywords


Sejarah matematika; Pembelajaran matematika; Strategi pembelajaran

Full Text:

FULL TEXT (PDF)

References


Barbin, E. (2000). Integrating history: Research perspective. In J. Fauvel, & J. van Maanen (Eds.), History in mathematics education (pp. 63–90). The ICMI Study. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Bruckler, F.M. (2001). Using history for popularization of mathematics. Diakses di https://web.math.pmf.unizg.hr/~bruckler/trondheim_small.ppt

Clark, K.M. (2011). Voices from the field: incorporating history of mathematics in teaching. Proceedings of the Seventh Congress of the European Society for Research in Mathematics Education (7th CERME), Rzeszow – Poland, 1640-1649.

Fauvel, J., & Maanen, J.v. (Eds.). (2000). History in mathematics education: The ICMI study. Dordrecht, Netherland: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Fauvel, J. (2000). The role of history of mathematics within a university mathematics curriculum for the 21st century (Artikel web). Diakses di http://www.bham.ac.uk/ctimath/talum/newsletter

Goodwin, D.M. (2010). The importance of mathematics teachers knowing their mathematics history. The Journal for Liberal Art and Science, 14/2, 86-90. Diakses di http://www.oak.edu/academics/school-arts-sciences-jlas-archive.php#Fa2010

History of Mathematics. (t.t). dalam Wikipedia. Diakses di https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Mathematics

Hughes, B. (2011, Agustus). Completing the Square- Quadratic using addition (Artikel web). Diakses di http://www.maa.org/press/periodicals/convergence/completing-the-square-quadratics-using-addition

Kjeldsen, T.H. (2011). Uses of history in mathematics education: Development of learning strategies and historical awareness. Proceedings of the Seventh Congress of the European Society for Research in Mathematics Education (7th CERME), Rzeszow - Poland, 1680-1689.

Jankvist, U.Th. (2009a). Using history as a goal in mathematics education (Master thesis). Diakses di http://milne.ruc.dk/imfufatekster/pdf/464.pdf

Jankvist, U.Th. (2009b). A categorization of the ‘whys‘ and ‘hows‘ of using history in mathematics education. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 71/3, 235-261. Doi:10.1007/s10649-008-9174-9

Lawrence, S. (2005). Maths is good for you: Teaching mathematics in a historical context (Artikel web). Diakses di http://www.mathsisgoodforyou.com/

Lawrence, S. (2008). History of mathematics making its way through the teacher networks: professional learning environment and the history of mathematics in mathematics curriculum. Paper presented at 10th ICME, Mexico.

Marks, J.L., Hiatt, A.A. & Neufeld, E.M. (1985). Metode mengajar matematika untuk sekolah dasar (Terjemahan oleh Bambang Sumantri). Jakarta, Indonesia: Penerbit Erlangga.

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi. (t.t). dalam Wikipedia. Diakses di https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_ibn_Musa_al-Khwarizmi

O'Connor, J.J. & Robertson, E.F. (1999, Juli). Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi (Artikel web). Diaskes di http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/Biographies/Al-Khwarizmi.html

Panasuk, R.M & Horton, L.B. (2012). Integrating history of mathematics into curriculum: what are the chances and constraints? IEJME, 7/1, 3-20. Diakses di http://www.iejme.com/makale/284

Riedesel, C.A., Schwartz, J.E. & Clements, D.H. (1996). Teaching elementary school mathematics. Boston, USA: Allyn & Bacon.

Sembiring, R.K., Hadi, S., & Dolk, M. (2008). Reforming mathematics learning in Indonesian classroom through RME. ZDM: The international journal on mathematics education, 40(6), 927-939. doi: 10.1007/s11858-008-0125-9

Siu, M.K. (1997). The ABCD of using history of mathematics in the (undergraduate) classroom. Bulletin of the Hong Kong Mathematical Society, 1/1, 143-154. Diakses di http://hkumath.hku.hk/~mks/ABCD.pdf

Sumardyono. (2003). Sejarah topik matematika sekolah. Diakses di http://p4tkmatematika.org/2012/08/pemanfaatan-sejarah-matematika-di-sekolah/

Tzanakis, C., & Arcavi, A. (2000). Integrating history of mathematics in the classroom: An analytic survey. In J. Fauvel, & J. van Maanen (Eds.), History in mathematics education (pp. 201–240). The ICMI Study. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Wahyu, K. (2015, November). Changing mathematics classroom setting: looking into students’ response and performance in learning. Paper presented at International Conference on Mathematics, Science and Education Mataram University, Mataram - Indonesia.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20414/beta.v9i1.961

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
Beta by http://ejurnal.iainmataram.ac.id/index.php/beta is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Beta: Jurnal Tadris Matematika

p-ISSN: 2085-5893 e-ISSN: 2541-0458

Alamat Redaksi:

Gedung B Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan

Jln. Gajah Mada 100 - Jempong Baru - Mataram 83116

jurnalbeta@gmail.com 

http://ejurnal.iainmataram.ac.id/index.php/beta