HUKUM ISLAM SEBAGAI THE LIVING LAW DALAM MEMINIMALISASI DAMPAK NEGATIF PARIWISATA DI PULAU LOMBOK BAGIAN UTARA

Andi Fariana

Abstract


There is not only positive effect that is emerged from the development of  tourism, there is also negative impact, whether it is physical or non-physical. One of the non-physical negative impact is the shift of cultural and spiritual values of the local people. North Lombak has been one of the top destination of tourism of Nusa Tenggara Barat, having known as the a thousand mosque island, is unable to avoid the consequences of  the  development of  tourism.  Normative-empirical research (applied law  research) with  Normative  juridical approach (perundang-undangan)  and  sociological juridical  (empirical) found that there has been a shift in the social culture values and as well as the religious values at the three Gili islands (Gili Trawangan, Gili Meno, and Gili Air), however the shifting of values on each island are different. Other finding shoes the negative impact of the development of tourism can be minimalized by continuing the teaching of religion to the local people as well as keeping the culture and urf (fenomena in Gili Air). Therefore it is suggested to form an institution that has a responsibility to intensively socialize the religion and perform a watch to the implementation of Perda Number 7 Year 2013. A law of the implementation of Perda is also needed in order to make sure that Islamic Syariah is carried on by Kaffah for the local people on the tourism destination areas an accompanied legally and formally. This is a necessity, remembering that Islamic Law is the Living Law among the local people of North Lombok, so that Halal Tourism or Syariah Tourism can be developed.

Keywords


Negative Impact, Tourism, Islamic Law

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdurrahman Misno BP, Adat dan Urf , Bogor, Pustaka AmmA, 2016

Al Syatibi, Al Muwafaqat fi Ushul Al Syariah, Beirut: Dar Al Kutub Al Ilmiyyah, 1991, J.II, Hlm 4. Dalam Badri Khaeruman, Hukum Islam dalam perubahan social, Bandung, Pustaka Setia, 2010

Andi Fariana, Dampak sosial ekonomi dan sosial budaya akibat pengembangan pariwisata pada beberapa bagian Pulau Lombok, Tesis, Jakarta, Universitas Tarumanagara,

Badri Khaeruman, Hukum Islam dalam perubahan social, Bandung, Pustaka Setia,

Bernard Arief Sidharta, Refleksi tentang struktur ilmu hukum, Bandung, Mandar Maju,

Peraturan Daerah Nusa Tengara Barat Nomor 7 Tahun 2013 tentang Rencana Induk

Pembangunan Kepariwisataan Daerah (Ripparda) Tahun 2015-2028

Ika Yuniati Fauziah dan Abdul Kadir Riyadi, Prinsip dasar ekonomi Islam, Jakarta

Prenadamedia Group, 2014

Imam Malik ibn Anas, Al –Muwatta of Imam Malik Ibn Anas, The First Formulation of

Islamic Law, First Edition, Madinah, Madinah Press, 1992

Kanom, Dampak Pariwisata terhadap kehidupan sosial dan ekonomi masyarakat di Gili Trawangan Kecamatan Pemenang Kabupaten Lombok Utara, 1 September 2015, internet diakses pada 5 Februari 2016

Masdar F.Mas’udi, Meletakkan kembali Maslahat Sebagai Acuan Syariah, Jurnal Ilmu

dan Kebudayaan Ulumul Qur’an No. 3, Vol.VI tahun 1995

Mochtar Kusumaatmadja, Hukum, Masyarakat dan Pembinaan Hukum Nasional, Bandung, Lembaga Penelitian Hukum dan Krimonologi Fakultas Hukum Universitas Padjajaran, 1976

Muhammad Tahir Azhary, Negara Hukum, Jakarta, Kencana Prenada Media Group,

Muhammad Nurdin, Dampak negatif industry pariwisata pada lingkungan sosial budaya dan Alam, Universitas Airlangga, www. Academia.edu. diakses pada 8

Februari 2016

M Sahid Indraswara, “Evaluasi penerapan Rencana Tata Ruang Resort Pariwisata Gili Trawangan, Nusa Tenggara Barat”, Enclosure, Jurnal Ilmiah Perancangan Kota dan Pemukiman, Vol 7 No. 1 Maret 2008, diakses pada 8 Februari 2016

Nusa Tenggara Barat Dalam Angka 2014, Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Nusa Tenggara

Barat

Syekh Muhammad Khudhory Bek, Taariikh At Tasyrii Al Islamy, diterjemahkan oleh

Dennis Pakih Sati, Bandung, Nuansa Aulia, 2009

Teungku Muhammad Hasbi Ash Shiddieqy, Falsafah Hukum Islam, diedit kembali oleh H.Z. Fuad Hasbi Ash-Shiddieqy, Semarang, Pustaka Rizki Putra, 2013

Zainuddin Ali, Hukum Islam, Pengantar Ilmu Hukum Islam di Indonesia, Jakarta, Sinar

Grafika, cet ke 4, 2013

Sumber lain:

Wawancara dengan Sekretaris Desa Pemenang, Bapak Patwari

Wawancara dengan tokoh masyarakat Bapak H. Abbas dan Ibu Hj. Sapiah


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.